Maya civilization - Calendar

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Structured data parsed from Wikipedia. Calendar The Maya calendrical system, in common with other Mesoamerican calendars, had its origins in the Preclassic period. However, it was the Maya that developed the calendar to its maximum sophistication, recording lunar and solar cycles, eclipses and movements of planets with great accuracy. In some cases, the Maya calculations were more accurate than equivalent calculations in the Old World; for example, the Maya solar year was calculated to greater accuracy than the Julian year. The Maya calendar was intrinsically tied to Maya ritual, and it was central to Maya religious practices. The calendar combined a non repeating Long Count with three interlocking cycles, each measuring a progressively larger period. These were the 260 day tzolkʼin, the 365 day haabʼ, and the 52 year Calendar Round, resulting from the combination of the tzolkʼin with the haab'. There were also additional calendric cycles, such as an 819 day cycle associated with the four quadrants of Maya cosmology, governed by four different aspects of the god Kʼawiil. tzolkʼin haabʼ tzolkʼin haab' The basic unit in the Maya calendar was one day, or kʼin, and 20 kʼin grouped to form a winal. The next unit, instead of being multiplied by 20, as called for by the vigesimal system, was multiplied by 18 in order to provide a rough approximation of the solar year (hence producing 360 days). This 360 day year was called a tun. Each succeeding level of multiplication followed the vigesimal system. kʼin kʼin winal tun

Data Source : WIKIPEDIA
Number of Data columns : 4 Number of Data rows : 9
Categories : economy, demography, politics, knowledge


Data row number Period Calculation Span Years (approx.)

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Name Description Data Type
Period text
Calculation text
Span text
Years (approx.) text

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