Influenza - History - Pandemics

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Structured data parsed from Wikipedia. Pandemics The symptoms of human influenza were clearly described by Hippocrates roughly 2,400 years ago. Although the virus seems to have caused epidemics throughout human history, historical data on influenza are difficult to interpret, because the symptoms can be similar to those of other respiratory diseases. The disease may have spread from Europe to the Americas as early as the European colonization of the Americas; since almost the entire indigenous population of the Antilles was killed by an epidemic resembling influenza that broke out in 1493, after the arrival of Christopher Columbus. The first convincing record of an influenza pandemic was of an outbreak in 1580, which began in Russia and spread to Europe via Africa. In Rome, over 8,000 people were killed, and several Spanish cities were almost wiped out. Pandemics continued sporadically throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, with the pandemic of 1830–1833 being particularly widespread; it infected approximately a quarter of the people exposed. The most famous and lethal outbreak was the 1918 flu pandemic (Spanish flu pandemic) (type A influenza, H1N1 subtype), which lasted from 1918 to 1919. It is not known exactly how many it killed, but estimates range from 50 to 100 million people. This pandemic has been described as 'the greatest medical holocaust in history' and may have killed as many people as the Black Death. This huge death toll was caused by an extremely high infection rate of up to 50% and the extreme severity of the symptoms, suspected to be caused by cytokine storms. Symptoms in 1918 were so unusual that initially influenza was misdiagnosed as dengue, cholera, or typhoid. One observer wrote, 'One of the most striking of the complications was hemorrhage from mucous membranes, especially from the nose, stomach, and intestine. Bleeding from the ears and petechial hemorrhages in the skin also occurred.' The majority of deaths were from bacterial pneumonia, a secondary infection caused by influenza, but the virus also killed people directly, causing massive hemorrhages and edema in the lung. The 1918 flu pandemic was truly global, spreading even to the Arctic and remote Pacific islands. The unusually severe disease killed between two and twenty percent of those infected, as opposed to the more usual flu epidemic mortality rate of 0.1%. Another unusual feature of this pandemic was that it mostly killed young adults, with 99% of pandemic influenza deaths occurring in people under 65, and more than half in young adults 20 to 40 years old. This is unusual since influenza is normally most deadly to the very young (under age 2) and the very old (over age 70). The total mortality of the 1918–1919 pandemic is not known, but it is estimated that 2.5% to 5% of the world's population was killed. As many as 25 million may have been killed in the first 25 weeks; in contrast, HIV/AIDS has killed 25 million in its first 25 years. Later flu pandemics were not so devastating. They included the 1957 Asian Flu (type A, H2N2 strain) and the 1968 Hong Kong Flu (type A, H3N2 strain), but even these smaller outbreaks killed millions of people. In later pandemics antibiotics were available to control secondary infections and this may have helped reduce mortality compared to the Spanish Flu of 1918.

Data Source : WIKIPEDIA
Number of Data columns : 6 Number of Data rows : 6
Categories : economy, demography, politics, knowledge

Dataset

Data row number Name of pandemic Date Deaths Case fatality rate Subtype involved Pandemic Severity Index

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Data Columns

Name Description Data Type
Name of pandemic text
Date text
Deaths text
Case fatality rate text
Subtype involved text
Pandemic Severity Index text

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1963 Philadelphia Phillies season - Regular season - Game log

From WIKIPEDIA

Structured data parsed from Wikipedia. Game log Bold Overall Record: 87–75 Art Mahaffey None Ray Culp Jack Baldschun Art Mahaffey None (1) (10) Jack Baldschun Jack Hamilton see 2nd game (2) Jack Baldschun None Cal McLish None Paul Brown Ray Culp None Chris Short None Marcelino López Jack Baldschun (1) (10) Dallas Green None see 2nd game (2) Art Mahaffey None Ray Culp Jack Baldschun Chris Short Art Mahaffey None Ray Culp None Chris Short Cal McLish None Postponed (rain); Makeup: July 10 Makeup: July 10 Postponed (rain); Makeup: September 13 as a traditional double header Makeup: September 13 as a traditional double header Art Mahaffey None Jack Hamilton Jack Baldschun Ray Culp None (1) Jack Hamilton None see 2nd game (2) Johnny Klippstein None Art Mahaffey None Jack Baldschun None Jack Baldschun None (7) Chris Short None Ryne Duren None (1) (11) Jack Baldschun None see 2nd game (2) (12) Johnny Klippstein None Cal McLish None (12) Johnny Klippstein None Ray Culp Jack Baldschun Jack Hamilton None Jack Baldschun None (1) Cal McLish None see 2nd game (2) Ryne Duren None Ray Culp None Dallas Green None Cal McLish None Art Mahaffey None (1) Chris Short Jack Baldschun see 2nd game (2) Ray Culp None Cal McLish None (1) Art Mahaffey None see 2nd game (2) Ray Culp Johnny Klippstein Chris Short' John Boozer None (1) Cal McLish None see 2nd game (2) Art Mahaffey Ray Culp None Chris Short Postponed (rain); Makeup: August 6 as a traditional double header Makeup: August 6 as a traditional double header Art Mahaffey None (1) (10) Johnny Klippstein None see 2nd game (2) John Boozer None (6) Ray Culp None (10) Jack Baldschun None Art Mahaffey John Boozer (6) Chris Short None Ray Culp None Johnny Klippstein None (1) Cal McLish see 2nd game (2) (11) Jack Baldschun Dallas Green Ryne Duren Jack Baldschun Ray Culp None (10) Chris Short None Art Mahaffey Cal McLish None Ray Culp None (1) Dallas Green None see 2nd game (2) Ryne Duren (10) Johnny Klippstein Dennis Bennett Cal McLish None Ray Culp Johnny Klippstein (11) Jack Baldschun None Postponed (rain); Makeup: August 14 as a traditional double header Makeup: August 14 as a traditional double header Art Mahaffey Johnny Klippstein (1) Ray Culp None see 2nd game (2) Cal McLish None Dallas Green (1) (10) Art Mahaffey None see 2nd game (2) Ryne Duren None (11) Johnny Klippstein None Cal McLish None Jack Baldschun Dallas Green 1963 Major League Baseball All Star Game at Cleveland Stadium in Cleveland Cal McLish Johnny Klippstein Ray Culp Art Mahaffey Jack Baldschun Ryne Duren Jack Baldschun (6) Cal McLish None (11) Jack Baldschun None (1) Art Mahaffey None see 2nd game (2) Dallas Green None (10) Dennis Bennett None John Boozer None Jack Baldschun None Dallas Green None (1) Chris Short None see 2nd game (2) Dennis Bennett Johnny Klippstein (15) Johnny Klippstein None Cal McLish Jack Baldschun Ray Culp None Chris Short Jack Baldschun Dennis Bennett Johnny Klippstein John Boozer None Cal McLish None Ray Culp None (14) Jack Baldschun Johnny Klippstein Dennis Bennett Cal McLish None (1) Ray Culp Jack Baldschun see 2nd game (2) Dallas Green Jack Baldschun (1) (10) Jack Baldschun None see 2nd game (2) Dennis Bennett None Cal McLish None Chris Short Ray Culp None Dennis Bennett Cal McLish Chris Short None (1) Johnny Klippstein None see 2nd game (2) Dennis Bennett None Cal McLish Jack Baldschun Chris Short None Ryne Duren None Johnny Klippstein None Dennis Bennett None (1) Cal McLish None see 2nd game (2) (12) Ryne Duren None Postponed (rain); Makeup: September 9 Makeup: September 9 Dennis Bennett Jack Baldschun Chris Short None (11) Jack Baldschun None Jack Baldschun None Dallas Green Ryne Duren John Boozer None Ray Culp (11) Johnny Klippstein None

game, 1963, log, season, none

Super Bowl XXIV - Final statistics - Records Set

From WIKIPEDIA

Structured data parsed from Wikipedia. Records Set The following records were set in Super Bowl XXIV, according to the official NFL.com boxscore, the 2016 NFL Record & Fact Book and the ProFootball reference.com game summary. Some records have to meet NFL minimum number of attempts to be recognized. The minimums are shown (in parenthesis).

records, set, xxiv, super, bowl

Double (association football) - North and Central America and Caribbean -  United States

From WIKIPEDIA

Structured data parsed from Wikipedia.  United States   Men Men Currently in the United States, the Double may mean either the MLS Double, which is achieved by winning both the MLS Supporters Shield and the MLS Cup, or a league/cup Double of either the MLS Cup or Supporters Shield, in addition to the U.S. Open Cup or Canadian Championship for United States and Canadian clubs, respectively. The Double may also be a combination of any of the domestic cups mentioned above and the CONCACAF Champions League. No team based in the United States has achieved the Treble of both MLS honours and a domestic cup in the same season although Toronto FC, who play in MLS but are based in Canada, won a Treble in 2017. The following is a list of doubles in the United States in the MLS era:

and, united, states, double, mls